The modules used for the Nitro-Hydrogen Economy also have very significant uses in emergency, humanitarian responses and off grid applications: They can be used to provide flexible on site sources of drinking water, fuel, fertiliser and a stable electricity supply.
Wind and solar electricity sources vary in output over time depending on the locally available wind and sun and are not generally suitable to be used for emergency and humanitarian responses. The Nitro-Hydrogen modules together with a source of non-potable water can even out the wind and solar sources to provide a continuous electricity supply, a source of motor vehicle fuel and fertiliser and a source of drinking water, thus providing an environmentally friendly means of providing essential services.
Solar panel systems are modular and wind turbines are available in a wide variety of sizes. Solar and wind resources tend to complement each other in the available power they produce both on a 24 hour basis and a seasonal basis.
Likewise Nitro-Hydrogen modules are inherently scaleable to suit the available wind and solar resources and range from an 8 ft cube up to 40 ft shipping container sized modules.
The modules take non potable water and degas and distill it for use in the Electrogen modules, with some surplus water available as drinking water. The Electrogen modules run at approximately 70% efficiency. Thus 30% of the input energy is available as waste heat which is used to distill the water. The Electrogen modules produce Hydrogen and Oxygen. These modules are electrically connected together in series and parallel such that they provide the maximum load that the available wind and solar electricity is able to supply. The Hydrogen produced is then combined with Nitrogen extracted from the air by pressure swing absorption modules to make liquid Ammonia, which is stored on site.
The Ammonia may be used in three ways:
Since the capital cost of the Nitro-Hydrogen modules is low, the cost of the fuel/fertiliser produced is dependent almost exclusively on the cost of the electricity provided. For example with 5c/kWh electricity Ammonia is produced at $1.35/gallon.
These modules are readily transportable by air, land and sea, thus providing the means to respond rapidly to emergency and humanitarian problems. The modules provide the essential services for emergency and humanitarian workers to respond to the local requirements, but they can also provide long term solutions for local populations in remote areas: They provide the continuously available long term resources for local populations to become self sufficient and independent of outside aid with regard to food, fuel and energy supplies.